COVID-19 Update #2: Irrational Feelings

Amid panic, liquidity concerns have now taken hold.

Dominic Nolan, CFA
Senior Managing Director of Pacific Asset Management

Dominic Nolan, senior managing director of Pacific Asset Management LLC, provides his analysis below of the markets currently battered by the COVID-19 pandemic. In this fluid economic environment, it’s important to note that these are his views as of March 13, 2020.

It’s been 33 years since the S&P® 500 index had a worse single-day session. In a continuation of recent selling and liquidity strains, coupled with inaction out of Washington D.C., the S&P 500 lost 9.5% on March 12, its worst day since Black Monday in October 1987. Liquidity concerns have now taken hold, resulting in what I would now categorize as investor panic.

In Search of Fiscal Response

After March 11’s close, markets were expecting a fiscal response but instead received a travel ban. While the
travel ban can be viewed as a prudent act, the lack of fiscal stimulus further spooked markets. Futures dropped substantially and followed through with March 12’s action. At this point, I believe it is fair to say the coronavirus and markets are moving faster than the government can keep up. Any effective fiscal response would have to be sizable, in the hundreds of billions of dollars, in my opinion. Markets are losing faith in D.C.’s understanding of the economic severity.

The Fed

Earlier today, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York announced a $1.5 trillion capital injection. While it does indicate an awareness of the growing liquidity strains, markets quickly moved past the injection. I am hoping, and largely expecting in the next few days (the March Federal Open Market Committee meeting begins on March 17), the Federal Reserve (Fed) to fire a bazooka round with a large rate cut and additional liquidity. If the Fed does not deliver, market strain will likely increase.

How Bad of a Recession Is the Market Pricing in as of March 13?

A back-of-the-envelope calculation would suggest an average recession is currently being priced in. Since World War II, the average bear market for the S&P 500 has been a drop/drawdown of 31%. As of March 12, the market has dropped approximately 27% from the peak in February. The staggering part is the velocity. In the post-World War II sample, the average bear market bottomed after 290 trading days, and the current market is down 27% in just 16 trading days. I’m not sure if that is a good sign or not.

Panicked Markets

While I am unsure and highly doubt this is the bottom, we are entering levels that feel irrational. As one of my esteemed colleagues quoted earlier today when asked if markets are panicking, “When rational people are forced to do irrational things, I would call that a panic.”

Across the board, markets have been getting hit. Equities, bonds, REITS (Real Estate Investment Trusts), municipal bonds, and gold are all being liquidated. U.S. High Yield, as measured by Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Corporate High Yield Bond index, now yields over 8%. Year-to-date, the index is down almost 9%, which would rank as the second worst year in the history of high yield.

From a historical standpoint, March 12 was the single worst day in the history of the loan market. Yes, folks, that includes any day from 2008. The S&P/LSTA Leveraged Loan 100 Index closed down 3.08%, which surpasses the previous worst day of October 10, 2008 when loans were down 2.90%. That means two out of the three worst days ever have been the week of March 9. (On March 9, loan market closed down 2.73%.)

Containment to Mitigation

I believe most Americans are resigned to the fact that this virus cannot be contained, but businesses are reacting quickly in an effort to slow the pace of contagion. In the past 24 hours, the NBA, NCAA, and MLS have suspended games; there have been two statewide school closures; and for the first time in its history, Disneyland Resort is closed for the remainder of March. Given the actions of Italy, France, the United Kingdom, and now New York to move efforts from containment to mitigation, I believe this will more than likely be the playbook over the next few weeks. These efforts are largely being done as to not overwhelm our medical system and preserve lives. While we are still unsure whether our hospitals and medical infrastructure will not be overwhelmed, without these efforts, it would be a certainty.

Quick summary of our actions

  • Across all Pacific Funds Fixed-Income Funds, we continue to increase our cash levels without being a forced seller. Our cash and U.S. Treasury weightings have increased.
  • Within Pacific Funds Core Income and Pacific Funds Short Duration Income, we continue to raise cash and U.S. Treasury weightings as this provides increased liquidity and serves as dry powder (highly liquid assets) should opportunities continue to get more attractive.
  • All portfolio managers have been actively monitoring the situation and each investment position.
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The Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Corporate High-Yield Bond Index measures the USD-denominated, high-yield, fixed-rate corporate bond market.

The S&P 500 index is a market capitalization-weighted index of 500 widely held stocks often used as a proxy for the U.S. stock market.

The S&P/LSTA U.S. Leveraged Loan 100 Index is designed to mirror the market-weighted performance of the largest facilities in the leveraged loan market.


This commentary represents the views of the portfolio managers at Pacific Asset Management LLC as of 3/13/2020 and are presented for informational purposes only. These views should not be construed as investment advice, an endorsement of any security, mutual fund, sector or index, or to predict performance of any investment. Any forward-looking statements are not guaranteed. All material is compiled from sources believed to be reliable, but accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The opinions expressed herein are subject to change without notice as market and other conditions warrant. Sector names in this commentary are provided by the Funds’ portfolio managers and could be different if provided by a third party.

All investing involves risks including the possible loss of the principal amount invested. There is no guarantee the Funds will achieve their investment goals.

Pacific Life Insurance Company is the administrator for Pacific Funds. It is not a fiduciary and therefore does not give advice or make recommendations regarding insurance or investment products.

You should consider a fund's investment goal, risks, charges, and expenses carefully before investing. The prospectus and/or the applicable summary prospectus contain this and other information about the fund and are available from your financial advisor. The
prospectus and/or summary prospectus should be read carefully before investing.

Pacific Funds are distributed by Pacific Select Distributors, LLC (member FINRA & SIPC), a subsidiary of Pacific Life Insurance Company (Newport Beach, CA), and are available through licensed third parties. Pacific Funds refers to Pacific Funds Series Trust.

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